The Battle of the Alamo
In the 1820’s westward expansion was in full force. Americans continued to settle West, and many found their homes in the vast lands of Texas. Texas at the time was owned by Mexico. Mexico granted land rights to Americans settling in Texas and many became Mexican citizens. However, in 1832, Mexican General Antonio Lopez de Santa Ana took control over the Mexican government and established a dictatorship. Texans did not like the new government and revolted by declaring their independence on March 2, 1836.
Santa Ana used military force to take Texas back. The Battle of the Alamo was an important event in the Texas Revolution and American History because it rallied the rest of Texas to fight against the Mexican army eventually leading to a victory over Santa Ana at the Battle of San Jacinto.
The Alamo was originally a Spanish mission but was turned into a fort for Spanish soldiers. The fort was on 3 acres of land and contained several buildings with cannons along the walls and on roofs. During the fight for Texas Independence, the Alamo was occupied by Mexican troops. A group of 200 Texan volunteers including James Bowie, William Travis, and Davy Crocket captured the fort and gained control of San Antonio.
Soon, a Mexican force led by Santa Anna numbering in the thousands laid siege on the fort in order to recapture it. The Texan volunteers held out for 13 days before the Mexican forces overpowered them. Every soldier in the fort was killed and the only survivors were women, children, servants, and slaves. The Alamo became a symbol of resistance to oppression and the Texas fight for freedom.
On April 21, 1836, at the Battle of San Jacinto, Sam Houston led an army of over 800 Texans to attack Santa Anna’s army. Many soldiers shouted, “Remember the Alamo” as their battle cry. Sam Houston’s army defeated Santa Anna's forces guaranteeing the victory for Texas independence.