The Geography of Ancient Greece

Did you know that geography has an impact on society, politics, and economics? This is especially true of Ancient Greece, because the geography is so varied.

The main physical geographic features of Ancient Greece are mountains, islands, and the sea.

The mountains of Ancient Greece separated people geographically. Because of this, Greek city-states tended to be isolated from one another. This meant that societies grew and developed independently. City-states had their own governments. So, without a central government, there was no plan to create a big empire, as we often imagine with respect to Ancient Greece.

The mountains of Ancient Greece separated people geographically. Because of this, Greek city-states tended to be isolated from one another. This meant that societies grew and developed independently. City-states had their own governments. So, without a central government, there was no plan to create a big empire, as we often imagine with respect to Ancient Greece.

Access to the sea meant that Ancient Greece could grow economically. That’s because being on the sea allows for many ports to be built for trade. The Greeks also became good mariners and were able to use their skills to trade with other city-states. Ancient Greeks used to travel via the Aegean Sea from city to city. In addition to being an important trade route, the sea was full of seafood.

From the mountains to the sea and islands, the geography of Ancient Greece was very unique. It played a large role with respect to the establishment of a strong trade-based economy, along with the development of politics and society as a whole.

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