Inventions of the Industrial

Revolution & Gilded Age

The Gilded Age was a time of growth and achievement for the United States of America. From 1870 to 1910, new inventions changed the way people communicated and traveled all across the world. Factories, railroads, coal mining and steel production all became essential industries in the country. Some of the most important inventions ever created were brought to life during this time period.

In 1876, an American inventor born in Scotland by the name of Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone and co-founded the notable company, AT&T. This made it possible for people to communicate much more effectively.

In 1877, Thomas Edison invented the phonograph, allowing the recording of history and aiding those with hearing impairments. Following this invention, in 1878, he also invented the lightbulb, which was essential for nighttime activities and increased safety as a less dangerous light source.

The Kodak camera was invented in 1888 by George Eastman, continuing the development of the ability to record history, and paving the way for the future of the motion picture. Another milestone in the development of the movie industry was the Kinetoscope. This was invented shortly after the camera in 1892 by Thomas Edison and William Dickson. This device was designed for films to be viewed by one person at a time through a peephole on the top of the device.

At the start of the 20th century, inventions became all about transportation. Wilbur and Orville Wright invented, built and flew the first motor-operated airplane after many failed attempts. This drastically changed the landscape of travel. The airplane would become an essential part of war technology and everyday life. Following the changing scenery of the sky, In 1908, the Model T was invented by Henry Ford, who was the co-founder of Ford Motor Company. The Model T was the earliest version of a car that could be purchased by the public. He developed an assembly line to modernize how factories operated by reducing costs of production with standardized parts and more efficient assembly.

The Gilded Age transformed the United States into a world leader in technology. During this time, inventions were produced at ten times the rate of the previous 70 years. Railroads, factories and other industries boomed and people were able to communicate in new and advanced ways. An important takeaway from this era is that people were able to connect with one another in ways they never could before through photographs, travel methods, and phone calls. This was all thanks to the many inventions that were given to us during this time.


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